Got a small garden? Follow these tips to get the most out of it
With the rising food and housing costs, it is getting harder to afford a large yard or garden. With all the space you have used for construction purposes, there may not be enough room to plant fruits and vegetables. However, a small backyard can make a big difference in regards to saving money on groceries. There are a few ways to save cost but still grow your own fruits and vegetables with limited space.
Make Use of Raised Beds.
Raised beds are an easy way to save space while keeping plants healthy. To create raised beds, stack rocks or bricks into squares for flowers or rows across longways for larger plants like tomatoes. Remember that soil takes up room, so using any compost instead will allow you to use more area. You can also buy a pre-made raised bed for a small cost. Use mulch instead of soil, and plant the seeds of your choice.
Take time to look through calendars and gardening books to determine what fruits or vegetables that you want to grow. In most regions of the world, some plants will do better than others, depending on weather conditions or the length of the growing season. Plan ahead so you can purchase seeds once they are available at local growers or online stores.
This way, you will have them on hand as soon as possible to start planting right away without wasting any time once spring arrives. Early planting is recommended since it allows the plants to develop strong roots before hot temperatures later in the year. A good rule of thumb is to always plant early rather than later.
Making A Garden Calendar.
Outline your gardening calendar with growing times, planting dates, and harvesting dates for each type of fruit or vegetables that you have chosen to grow. You can also look up information about which plants are safe for each other to grow nearby since some plants may produce harmful pollutants if placed too closely together.
A basic layout includes listing the different types of plants growing in rows across the garden area with what month they are being planted underneath each row once spring arrives. In addition, placing a small drawing of certain plants can help you keep track of growth stages as they occur throughout the year. This way, you will know precisely when it is time for planting again once the vegetables and fruits have been harvested.
Preparing Your Soil.
Using compost or manure is recommended for any backyard garden. Save eggshells and coffee grounds in a separate container to add to your soil once you mix it with other materials such as grass clippings. When you use all the organic material available, your plants will yield more fruits and vegetables than if you planted without any nutrients or minerals added into the dirt.
Work in some lime into the soil at least one week before planting to prevent fluctuations in acidity levels that can damage plant roots over time. Watering plants early on every morning is also necessary to allow enough sunlight hours throughout the day.
Give Plants Space.
When growing plants inside a small space, such as a raised bed, they will need space to grow. Using a wooden fence around the garden allows plants to have enough room to expand outward rather than becoming cramped up against each other, which can slow growth over time.
Be sure to leave an open entrance on one side of the fence for easy access when it comes time to harvest your fruits and vegetables, with less effort required later on.
Plant Heirloom Plants.
Heirlooms do not produce as much compared to hybrids but are heartier plants with greater frost tolerance. Planting heirloom plants require more maintenance at first since you will need to grow them in batches close together, then thin out the larger ones that will be able to produce better crops within two or three weeks. This way, you will have a continuous harvest for several months.
Rain Water Substitute.
When you do not have enough time to water your plants on a regular basis, use rainwater as an alternative source of moisture for plant roots. Place some large buckets underneath the rain gutters outside and let them fill up with water each week to pour over your crop areas.
The lack of minerals in this type of water will cause minimal harm if left untouched for a few days before being used later on. Be careful not to dump all at once, or damage might occur since it is basically filtered ocean water straight from the sky. Instead, mix with regular tap water every three days until they are both equal parts unless there is a chance that more rainfall is expected soon after the first batch has been emptied.
Pruning plants is often recommended when you have trees, bushes, shrubs, and flowers in your backyard garden area because it allows you to keep a better eye on their health. It also makes harvesting fruits and vegetables easier without climbing up a ladder or using ladders in the garden most of the time when it is not necessary, which can be dangerous if you do not know what you are doing.
Pruning is more effective when done closer towards harvest time, while planting rows of seeds close together, then thinning out the larger ones that will be able to produce better crops within two or three weeks. This way, you will have a continuous harvest for several months.
Organic fertilizer should be used sparingly since it may take longer to break down and need to be replenished as the plants grow larger if used by itself instead of mixed with other types of fertilizers like blood meal, bone meal, plaster, cornmeal, feather meal, or cottonseed meal.
Raised Garden Bed.
To create a raised garden bed, purchase four cinder blocks and stack them together in an area that gets at least five hours’ worth of sunlight each day because you will be growing certain vegetables there without any shade covering that would prevent sun exposure from outside.
Place some cardboard under the soil once all four cinder blocks have been stacked on top of each other and remove when done since the earth will not be able to hold water when it is mixed with compost afterward.
If you have any other tips on how to use a small garden space best, let us know below.
Thanks for reading. Happy digging!